Ventilation & Smoke Extraction

Fire protection requirements for ventilation ducts are directly related to their design function, the nature and behaviour of the fire and the construction materials that fuel the fire load. The fire resistance performance of the ventilation duct itself also plays a critical role. It is possible to prevent fire spread from one fire compartment (e.g. between floors) to another, along stairways and general access corridors only if all building materials and structural elements share a common fire classification and fire resistance rating. Typical steel sheet ducts fail to meet internationally accepted fire protection requirements. They heat and deform rapidly from the effects of fire. In certain circumstances they even accelerate the spread of flame and smoke.

Ventilation ducts up to 120 minutes fire resistance

Sheet steel ducts from an independent manufacturer can be cladded with PROMATECT® fire protection boards or the duct can be fabricated entirely from PROMATECT® fire protection boards.

When existing steel sheet ducts are cladded, for example, with PROMATECT® fire protection boards it is necessary to satisfy additional fire protection requirements for change in use status.

Ventilation ducts are tested according to EN 1366-1 and classified according to EN 13501-3. The classification is completed by ‘(i → o)’, ‘(o → i)’, or ‘(i ↔ o)’ to indicate whether the element has been tested and fulfils the requirements from the inside or outside only or both. Promat solutions in both cases (with or without steel ducts) fulfil the requirements from both sides ‘(i ↔ o)’.

A more economical solution, however, is achieved by specifying and installing tested and proven PROMATECT® ventilation ducts from Promat, the world leader in professional fire science technologies.

 

Heat and smoke control ducts up to 120 minutes fire resistance

The smoke extraction lines are tested automatically with fire load from both sides.Basically two heat and smoke control ducts can be distinguished:

  • single compartment smoke control ducts, which can be used in one fire section only and are tested according to EN 1366-9 and classified according to EN 13501-4
  • multi compartment fire resistant smoke control ducts, which can be used in any number of fire sections and are tested according to EN 1366-8 and classified according to EN 13501-4

 

Promat offers solutions without steel ducts for both systems up to 120 minutes fabricated with PROMATECT® fire protection boards.

Fire Rated Ductwork

Fire Rated Ductwork

Promat offers a wide range of solutions for proprietary “off the shelf” fire rated ductwork, the protection of steel ductwork and for self-supporting systems as well as particularly onerous conditions e.g. where high impact strength is required or for use in aggressive environments.

Use for

  • Service enclosures
  • Protected shafts
  • Smoke / ventilation ducts
  • Gas pipes
  • Kitchen extract ducts
  • Cable protection

More information available in the Fire Protection Handbook and Technical Data Sheets.

Ducts: Design Considerations

Ducts: Design Considerations

The relative complexity of any ductwork system which is passing through different fire compartments and the relevance of the system’s function in ambient and fire conditions can make the selection of a suitable ductwork system difficult.

To determine the fire resistance of ducts (without the aid of fire dampers) passing through or between compartments, the system should normally be tested or assessed in accordance with BS 476: Part 24: 1987 or equivalent local legislation. 

Factors for consideration when determining the correct specification to ensure ducts will provide the required fire performance include:

  • Required fire exposure
  • Required fire performance
  • Supporting structure
  • Hanger support
  • Steel ductwork
  • Penetrations through walls and floors
  • Ductwork functions
  • Acoustic performance
  • Thermal insulation
  • Water tolerance
  • Strength and appearance
  • Access requirements (hatches) for inspection

Chapter 6 of the Fire Protection Handbook includes a ductwork system selector, examples of system specifications for a range of fire rated ductwork applications and required fire protection periods. Additional system details are available in the Technical Data Sheets.

Cable Protection: Design Considerations

Cable Protection: Design Considerations

In the event of a fire it may be vital to the safety of the building occupants that certain electrical systems and services remain functioning until all personnel have escaped. Such systems will therefore require protection from fire for a specified period of time.

The following points are some of the factors which should be considered when determining the correct specification to ensure the cable duct system will provide the required fire performance.

  • Required fire exposure
  • Required fire performance
  • Supporting structure
  • Penetrations through walls and floors
  • Acoustic performance
  • Thermal insulation
  • Water tolerance
  • Strength and appearance
  • Failure temperature of the cable
  • Maximum cable operating temperature

Chapter 6 of the Fire Protection Handbook  includes required board thickness tables, examples of system specifications for a range of fire rated ductwork applications and required fire protection periods. Additional system details are available in the Technical Data Sheets.

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